Walking Tours of Santiago de Queretaro

7 Mar
Download to your phone, tablet, laptop on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

Download to your phone, tablet, laptop on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

An Excerpt from my, “Walking Tours of Santiago de Queretaro”.

Walking Tours of Santiago de Querétaro
Copyright William J. Conaway, 1998

The Early History
The State of Querétaro is bordered by deep canyons and towering mountains. Its eastern edge lies along the Sierra Madre Oriental and its northern and northwestern along the Sierra Gorda where you find the Cerro de la Calentura (Fever Mountain), 3,350 meters tall (10,887 feet); the Pico de Zamorano (Zamora’s Peak), 3,300 meters (10,725 feet); Cerro Pengüicas (Penguin’s Mountain), 3191 meters (10,370 feet); the Cerro del Callo (Callous Mountain), 2,940 meters (9,555 feet); the Astillero (Splinter Mountain), 2,850 meters (9,295 feet); and the Cimatario (Summit Mountain), 2,447 meters (7,952 feet).

These mountain systems form tremendous valleys like those of where the cities of Querétaro, San Juan del Río, Cadereyta, and Tequisquiapan are located. These valley floors are at 1,800 meters above sea level (5,850 feet).

Archeologist tell us that from 6,000 – 3,000 B.C. waves of migrating tribes moving south peopled the country to the north of Querétaro with agriculturally innovative settlers who domesticated maiz, frijol, calabaza, chile, champiñones, etc. The innovation of the new “sedentary” way of life, with its security of steady supplies of foodstuffs, led to the further advancement of mankind: the invention of ceramics and weaving looms provided humans with cooking pots and warm clothing. All this we know from archeological digs in the State of Querétaro.

Querétaro forms a dividing line between Mesoamérica and Aridamérica. In Aridamérica the people remained nomads, hunters and gatherers. Fierce independent people who remained aloof and hostile when they confronted their other more settled brethren. The mixture of these two very different civilizations give Querétaro its unique cultural heritage.

By 350 A.D., the people in the northern areas of Querétaro lived in the mountains and used the natural formations for defense. They mined the rocky peaks for minerals to trade with the coastal populations in the Veracruz area, as evidenced by the pottery shards discovered later.

In the southern regions of the state were large cultivated areas in the valleys, San Juan Del Río being the location of important markets for trade in the region.

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