Archive | November, 2014

A Gringo Guide to the Cristero Rebellion

29 Nov
Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

A Gringo Guide to the Cristero Rebellion – A twenty-eight page book with the complete forgotten history of the Rebellion against the Calles Administration 1926-1930 in which the Pope closed the Mexican churches, and the government waged modern warfare against their own people over religious differences. hundreds of thousands of people died and a half million people migrated to theU.S. GG-106 $14.50 Plus $6.95 Shipping and Handling. Order by email: wjconaway@yahoo.com, or download from Amazon.com; Barnes andNoble.com; Kobo.com; or Google Play for a considerable discount.

Advertisements

A Gringo Guide to the Cristero Rebellion

28 Nov
Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

A Gringo Guide to the Cristero Rebellion – A twenty-eight page book with the complete forgotten history of the Rebellion against the Calles Administration 1926-1930 in which the Pope closed the Mexican churches, and the government waged modern warfare against their own people over religious differences. hundreds of thousands of people died and a half million people migrated to theU.S. GG-106 $14.50 Plus $6.95 Shipping and Handling. Order by email: wjconaway@yahoo.com, or download from Amazon.com; Barnes andNoble.com; Kobo.com; or Google Play for a considerable discount.

A Gringo Guide to the Cristero Rebellion

27 Nov
Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

A Gringo Guide to the Cristero Rebellion – A twenty-eight page book with the complete forgotten history of the Rebellion against the Calles Administration 1926-1930 in which the Pope closed the Mexican churches, and the government waged modern warfare against their own people over religious differences. hundreds of thousands of people died and a half million people migrated to theU.S. GG-106 $14.50 Plus $6.95 Shipping and Handling. Order by email: wjconaway@yahoo.com, or download from Amazon.com; Barnes andNoble.com; Kobo.com; or Google Play for a considerable discount.

A Gringo Guide to the Cristero Rebellion

26 Nov
Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

An except from my, “A Gringo Guide to the Cristero Rebellion”.

When General Plutarco Elías Calles was elected President during the summer of 1924, he was regarded as a leader of the left wing, an enemy of the old military chieftains, and the hacendados who hated agrarian reform. He had little of Obregón’s tolerance. He proposed to govern as a master, if necessary as a dictator.

He paid little attention to Obregón who was forced to return to his farm in Sonora.

Calles entered office with a passion for social reform, promising to enforce provisions of the Constitution which Obregón had chosen to ignore. In his four years he would advance the promises of the Revolution.

(In Chicago Al Capone was king in 1925, with a gang of 700 gunsels controlling 10,000 speakeasies. In New York the “New Yorker” magazine was launched, tackling American life with a wicked, penetrating wit.)

The Calles period would be one of commercial prosperity, and as a result the government had more money at its disposal. Calles carried forward the Educational Program which had been initiated by José Vasconcelos, started campaigns of sanitation and hygiene, began extensive programs for irrigation, and built modern roads.
Calles was also embroiled in a battle with “foreign” oil companies for control of the oil fields, and their wealth.

Calles threatened to, “light up New Orleans with the fire of the oil fields.”

Agrarian reform moved forward with the distribution of 8 million acres to 1,500 villages, and agricultural banks were formed. But serious opposition began to fester among Church radicals who were bitterly opposed to land redistribution.

In April of 1926, the Church republished speeches in opposition to the Constitution, and the conflict began to look like a war to the death between the Church and the Revolution.

On March 5, 1926, President Plutarco Elías Calles urged state governors to enforce constitutional articles on religion saying, “As long as I am President of the Republic, the Constitution of 1917, will be obeyed”.

In a dramatic attempt to focus public opinion, the Church decreed a cessation of public worship. On Sunday, August 1, 1926, not one priest mounted the altar of a Mexican church for morning Mass for the first time in 400 years.

Chapter Six

THE CRISTERO REBELLION
The Cristeros, soldiers of Christ, were country people of the States of Jalisco, Michoacán, Guanajuato, Durango, and Zacatecas. They were mostly landed farmers, students, and women in whose lives religion played an important part. They followed the orders given by an association known as, the Catholic Association of Mexican Youth (ACJM).

On September 21, 1926, Congress rejected a petition to recind the repressive laws against the Church, signed by 2 million Catholic Mexicans. The only course of action left for the NLRD was to take up arms.

A Gringo Guide to the Cristero Rebellion

25 Nov
Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

A Gringo Guide to the Cristero Rebellion – A twenty-eight page book with the complete forgotten history of the Rebellion against the Calles Administration 1926-1930 in which the Pope closed the Mexican churches, and the government waged modern warfare against their own people over religious differences. hundreds of thousands of people died and a half million people migrated to theU.S. GG-106 $14.50 Plus $6.95 Shipping and Handling. Order by email: wjconaway@yahoo.com, or download from Amazon.com; Barnes andNoble.com; Kobo.com; or Google Play for a considerable discount.

A Gringo Guide to the Cristero Rebellion

24 Nov
Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

A Gringo Guide to the Cristero Rebellion – A twenty-eight page book with the complete forgotten history of the Rebellion against the Calles Administration 1926-1930 in which the Pope closed the Mexican churches, and the government waged modern warfare against their own people over religious differences. hundreds of thousands of people died and a half million people migrated to the U.S. GG-106 $14.50 Plus $6.95 Shipping and Handling. Order by email: wjconaway@yahoo.com, or download from Amazon.com; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com; or Google Play for a considerable discount.

A Gringo Guide to the Mexican Revolution

23 Nov
Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

A Gringo Guide to the Mexican Revolution – A 56 page, coffee table style book with the complete, bloody history of the Mexican Revolution 1910-1921, with lots of great historic pictures. GG-105 – $16.95 Plus $6.95 International Shipping & Handling. Order by email: wjconaway@yahoo.com, or download from Amazon.com; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com; or Google Play for a considerable discount.

A Gringo Guide to the Mexican Revolution

21 Nov
Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

A Gringo Guide to the Mexican Revolution – A 56 page, coffee table style book with the complete, bloody history of the Mexican Revolution 1910-1921, with lots of great historic pictures. GG-105 – $16.95 Plus $6.95 International Shipping & Handling. Order by email: wjconaway@yahoo.com, or download from Amazon.com; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com; or Google Play for a considerable discount.

Gringo Guide to the Mexican Revolution

20 Nov
Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

Excerpts from my, “Gringo Guide to the Mexican Revolution”.

Mexican Revolution
by William J. Conaway
If we trace the history of most Revolutions, we shall find that the first inroads upon the laws have been made by the governors, as often as by the governed.
Charles Caleb Colton, 1825

Introduction

THE REIGN OF DIAZ
By the time Mexico had become independent the rest of the world had begun to pass it by. In 1828, the first passenger railroad was begun in the U.S., and 1843, the first telegraph line was strung there, but in Mexico the «El Universal» newspaper proclaimed, in 1850, that the trans-atlantic telephone cable was a fraud.

The world’s first petroleum well was brought in during 1859, but Mexicans would wait nearly 50 more years for theirs.

Díaz had hammered his way to power, and once there he was forced to assume responsibilities he had never really understood. But he was determined to bring Mexico into the new century, the New Era.

An illiterate Mestizo (Spanish and Mixtec Indian), with the manners of a guerrilla chieftain from the mountains of Oaxaca, which he was, Díaz was dominated by a lust for power. When he took command, Mexico’s six decades of political warfare had cost the country its rightful place among the industrialized nations.

And then the over-wash of America’s post-Civil War development burst in upon a Mexico unorganized socially, culturally, economically.

Revolution!

Chapter One

THE REVOLT
The Revolution of 1910 was the only true revolution in Mexican history. The other conflicts included: the War for Independence, the War of the Reform, the War against the United States, the French Intervention, Civil Wars, Military Mutinies, and the Cristero Rebellion. But there was only one Revolution. In the context of Mexican politics it is said to have lasted until 1940, when middle-of-the-road General Manuel Avila Camacho, a «Gentleman President,» took office.

The War for Independence liberated Mexico from Spanish domination, but the previous class system remained in place. The War of the Reform elevated the Mestizo to the ruling class, but did little to help the Indian class. The Revolution was fought to help the landless Indians, but along the way the intent got lost somehow. During the 10 years of the conflict 2 million died in the fighting, from disease, and famine. No one was better off, but they had suffered together, Indian, Mestizo, and Creole, and had come together as a nation.
On November 20, 1910, a small uprising broke out in Puebla. Its leader, Aquiles Serdán, was killed immediately by police. A few other uprisings in Jalisco, Tlaxcala, and the Federal District were easily suppressed. Madero, in despair, went to New Orleans, Louisiana.

Meanwhile, in Chihuahua, which was mostly owned by the Terrazas family and governed by Alberto Terrazas, a sexual deviate scion who seduced his niece, revolutionary fervor grew. The opposition to Díaz was led by Abraham González, who found it easy to recruit the Terrazas’ cattle herders as cavalry. To lead these troops, González enlisted a storekeeper and muleteer, Pascual Orozco, pictured at lef, in southern Chihuahua, along with an old hand at stealing Terrazas livestock, Francisco Villa.

Francisco «Pancho» Villa, was born in 1877 in San Juan del Río, Durango, under the name of Doroteo Arango. He began a career as a fugitive at the age of 16, when he shot a wealthy land baron who had raped his little sister. This made him a criminal in the eyes of the people in power, and he was pursued by the Rurales for years.

A Gringo Guide to Mexican History

19 Nov
Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

Download on Amazon.com, Amazon.com.mx; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com (now includes sony Readers) and on Google Play. Search William J. Conaway.

A Gringo Guide to Mexican History – A 354 page, complete History of Mexico with historic pictures. An easy read to learn the incredible history of the Republic from the Conquest until Today. The places, events, and the characters that played out their roles in one of the bloodiest histories ever recorded. Interspersed throughout are accounts of events taking place in the U.S. and the rest of the world simultaneously to give one a sense of the time. GG-103 – $24.95 plus $19.95 International S&H. Order by email: wjconaway@yahoo.com, or download from Amazon.com; Barnes and Noble.com; Kobo.com; or Google Play for a considerable discount.

%d bloggers like this: